In C programming we have different kinds of data types in C language and this is in continuation with previous discussion.

Integers signed and unsigned:

Sample code for syntax for unsigned inter is :

nsigned int num_students ;

With this declaration, the range of permissible integer values (for a 16-bit OS) will shift from the range -32768 to +32767 to the range 0 to 65535. Thus, declaring an integer as unsigned almost doubles the size of the largest possible value that it can otherwise take.

It happens because on declaring the integer as unsigned, the left-most bit is now free and is not used to store the sign of the number.

Unsigned integer still occupies two bytes.

It can be declared as : unsigned int i ; unsigned i ;

There also exists a short unsigned int and a long unsigned int. By default a short int is a signed short int and a long int is a signed long int in C programming.

Chars, signed and unsigned

Signed and unsigned chars, both occupying one byte each, but having different ranges. Consider the statement

char ch = 'A' ;

Here what gets stored in ch is the binary equivalent of the ASCII value of ‘A’ (i.e. binary of 65). And if 65’s binary can be stored, then -54’s binary can also be stored (in a signed char).

A signed char is same as an ordinary char and has a range from -128 to +127; whereas, an unsigned char has a range from 0 to 255.

Floats and Doubles

A float occupies four bytes in memory and can range from -3.4e38 to +3.4e38. If this is insufficient then C offers a double data type that occupies 8 bytes in memory and has a range from -1.7e308 to +1.7e308.

A variable of type double can be declared as,

double a, population ;

If the situation demands usage of real numbers that lie even beyond the range offered by double data type, then there exists a long double that can range from -1.7e4932 to +1.7e4932.

A long double occupies 10 bytes in memory in c programming and it is used rarely.

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INTRODUCTION TO C PROGRAMMING

Programming with C an introduction part two

Data types for C programming


C PROGRAMMING CHARACTER SET

CONSTANTS IN C PROGRAMMING

PROGRAMMING C VARIABLES

C PROGRAM INSTRUCTIONS

COMPILATION AND EXECUTION OF C PROGRAM

C PROGRAMMING RULES PART ONE

C PROGRAMMING RULES PART TWO

COMPILATION AND EXECUTION OF C PROGRAM

INSTRUCTIONS TO WRITE C PROGRAM

ARITHMETIC INSTRUCTIONS TO WRITE C PROGRAM

CONVERSION OF CONSTANTS IN C PROGRAM

PRIORITY OF AR THEMATIC OPERATIONS IN C

OPERATORS ASSOCIATIVITY IN C

IF STATEMENT

MULTIPLE STATEMENTS IN IF

IF AND ELSE

NESTED IF AND ELSE


BREAK

CONTINUE AND DO WHILE IN C LANGUAGE

SWITCH IN C PROGRAMMING

FUNCTIONS IN C PROGRAMMING


Functions and usage in C part two

Coding in C functions