The purpose of instructions is

Ex.:

int bas ;

float rs, grosssal ;

char name, code ;

There are several subtle variations of the type declaration instruction.

1 . While declaring the type of variable we can also initialize it as shown below.

int i = 10, j = 25 ;

float a = 1.5, b = 1.99 + 2.4 * 1.44 ;

2 . The order in which we define the variables is sometimes important sometimes not.

For example,

int i = 10, j = 25 ;

is same as

int j = 25, j = 10 ;

However,

float a = 1.5, b = a + 3.1 ; is alright,

but float b = a + 3.1, a = 1.5 ; is not. This is because here we are trying to use a even before defining it.

3 . The following statements would work .

int a, b, c, d ; a = b = c = 10 ;

However, the following statement would not work

int a = b = c = d = 10 ; Once again we are trying to use b (to assign to a) before defining it.

Arithmetic Instruction

A arithmetic instruction consists of a variable name on the left hand side of = and variable names & constants on the right hand side of =. The variables and constants appearing on the right hand side of = are connected by arithmetic operators like +, -, *, and /.

Ex :

int ad ;

float kot, deta, alpha, beta, gamma ;

ad = 3200 ; kot = 0.0056 ;

deta = alpha * beta / gamma + 3.2 * 2 / 5 ;

Here, *, /, -, + are the arithmetic operators. = is the assignment operator. 2, 5 and 3200 are integer constants. 3.2 and 0.0056 are real constants. ad is an integer variable. kot, deta, alpha, beta, gamma are real variables.

The variables and constants together are called ‘operands’ that are operated upon by the ‘arithmetic operators’ and the result is assigned, using the assignment operator, to the variable on left-hand side.

IF STATEMENT

MULTIPLE STATEMENTS IN IF

IF AND ELSE

NESTED IF AND ELSE

BREAK

CONTINUE AND DO WHILE IN C LANGUAGE

SWITCH IN C PROGRAMMING

FUNCTIONS IN C PROGRAMMING

Functions and usage in C part two

Coding in C functions

- Type declaration instruction : To declare the type of variables used in a C program.
- Arithmetic instruction : To perform arithmetic operations between constants and variables.
- Control instruction : To control the sequence of execution of various statements in a C program.

Ex.:

int bas ;

float rs, grosssal ;

char name, code ;

There are several subtle variations of the type declaration instruction.

1 . While declaring the type of variable we can also initialize it as shown below.

int i = 10, j = 25 ;

float a = 1.5, b = 1.99 + 2.4 * 1.44 ;

2 . The order in which we define the variables is sometimes important sometimes not.

For example,

int i = 10, j = 25 ;

is same as

int j = 25, j = 10 ;

However,

float a = 1.5, b = a + 3.1 ; is alright,

but float b = a + 3.1, a = 1.5 ; is not. This is because here we are trying to use a even before defining it.

3 . The following statements would work .

int a, b, c, d ; a = b = c = 10 ;

However, the following statement would not work

int a = b = c = d = 10 ; Once again we are trying to use b (to assign to a) before defining it.

Arithmetic Instruction

A arithmetic instruction consists of a variable name on the left hand side of = and variable names & constants on the right hand side of =. The variables and constants appearing on the right hand side of = are connected by arithmetic operators like +, -, *, and /.

Ex :

int ad ;

float kot, deta, alpha, beta, gamma ;

ad = 3200 ; kot = 0.0056 ;

deta = alpha * beta / gamma + 3.2 * 2 / 5 ;

Here, *, /, -, + are the arithmetic operators. = is the assignment operator. 2, 5 and 3200 are integer constants. 3.2 and 0.0056 are real constants. ad is an integer variable. kot, deta, alpha, beta, gamma are real variables.

The variables and constants together are called ‘operands’ that are operated upon by the ‘arithmetic operators’ and the result is assigned, using the assignment operator, to the variable on left-hand side.

IF STATEMENT

MULTIPLE STATEMENTS IN IF

IF AND ELSE

NESTED IF AND ELSE

BREAK

CONTINUE AND DO WHILE IN C LANGUAGE

SWITCH IN C PROGRAMMING

FUNCTIONS IN C PROGRAMMING

Functions and usage in C part two

Coding in C functions

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