Requirements tracing is the process of documenting the links between the user requirements for the system you’re building and the work products developed to implement and verify those requirements. These work products include Software requirements, design specifications, Software code, test plans and other artifacts of the systems development process. Requirements tracing helps the project team to understand which parts of the design and code implement the user’s requirements, and which tests are necessary to verify that the user’s requirements have been implemented correctly.
In the diagram, based on the requirements the design is carried out and based on the design, the codes are developed. Finally, based on these the tests are created. At any point of time , there is always the provision for checking which test case was developed for which design and for which requirement that design was carried out. Such a kind of Traceability in the form of a matrix is the Traceability Matrix.
What happens if the Traceability factor is not considered while developing the software?
- The system that is built may not have the necessary functionality to meet the customers and users needs and expectations
- If there are modifications in the design specifications, there is no means of tracking the changes
- If there is no mapping of test cases to the requirements, it may result in missing a major defect in the system
- The completed system may have “Extra” functionality that may have not been specified in the design specification , resulting in wastage of manpower, time and effort.
- If the code component that constitutes the customer’s high priority requirements is not known, then the areas that need to be worked first may not be known thereby decreasing the chances of shipping a useful product on schedule
- A seemingly simple request might involve changes to several parts of the system and if proper Traceability process is not followed, the evaluation of the work that may be needed to satisfy the request may not be correctly evaluated
Is the Traceability Matrix applicable only for big projects?
The Traceability Matrix is an essential part of any Software development process, and hence irrespective of the size of the project, whenever there is a requirement to build a Software this concept comes into focus.
The biggest advantage of Traceability Matrix is backward and forward traceability. (i.e) At any point of time in the development life cycle the status of the project and the modules that have been tested could be easily determined thereby reducing the possibility of speculations about the status of the project.
Some of the persistent questions that get repeated often with regard to Testing are, “Did we test that the account numbers are valid?” , “ Is the pin number field accepting null values?” . These are very difficult question to answer, but with the help of Traceability Matrix, it is possible to relate all possible functional requirements to a test case. The Matrix indicates which test case does that test.
Where exactly does the Traceability Matrix gets involved in the broader picture of Testing?
The Traceability Matrix is created even before any test cases are written, because it is a complete list indicating what has to be tested. Sometimes there is one test case for each requirement or several requirements can be validated by one test scenario. This purely depends on the kind of application that is available for testing.
How is the Traceability Matrix developed?In the design document, if there is a Design description A, which can be traced back to the Requirement Specification A, implying that the design A takes care of Requirement A. Similarly in the test plan, Test Case A takes care of testing the Design A, which in turn takes care of Requirement A and so on.
There has to be references from Design document back to Requirement document, from Test plan back to Design document and so on. Usually Unit test cases will have Traceability to Design Specification and System test cases /Acceptance Test cases will have Traceability to Requirement Specification. This helps to ensure that no requirement is left uncovered (either un-designed / un-tested).
Requirements Traceability enhances project control and quality. It is a process of documenting the links between user requirements for a system and the work products developed to implement and verify those requirements. It is a technique to support an objective of requirements management, to make certain that the application will meet end-users needs.
Traceability Matrix gives a cross-reference between a test case document and the Functional/design specification document.This document helps to identify, if the Test case document contains tests for all the identified unit functions from the design specification. At any point of time, the program corresponding to a particular requirement could be easily traced back. The test cases corresponding to the requirements are available in the Test Case column.
UNIT TESTING PART ONE
UNIT TESTING PART TWO
UNIT TESTING PART THREE
WINDOWS COMPLIANCE GUI TESTING PART ONE
WINDOWS COMPLIANCE GUI TESTING PART TWO
WINDOWS COMPLIANCE GUI TESTING PART THREE
WINDOWS COMPLIANCE GUI TESTING PART FOUR VALIDATION TESTING
WINDOWS COMPLIANCE GUI TESTING PART FIVE CONDITION TESTING
WINDOWS COMPLIANCE GUI TESTING PART SIX GENERAL CONDITION TESTING
TESTING CONDITIONS PART ONE
TESTING CONDITIONS PART TWO
TESTING CONDITIONS PART THREE
TESTING CONDITIONS PART FOUR
SPECIFIC FIELD TESTING
INTEGRATION TESTING PART ONE
INTEGRATION TESTING PART TWO
INTEGRATION TESTING PART THREE
INTEGRATION TESTING PART FOUR
INTEGRATION TESTING PART FIVE
INTEGRATION TEST STANDARDS
INTEGRATION TEST STANDARDS PART TWO